Biotope Aquarium Tutorial
How to create a biotope aquarium?
Creating a biotope aquarium isn't an easy thing
to do! You will have to start with a region in the world. The smaller
the region, the more difficult it will be. Besides that, it will also
get more expensive. As this is just a tutorial, we will use an easy
example here, and we'll try to create an Amazon biotope aquarium.
As an assumption you already have a normal community tank, with plants
and fish from all over the world.
The first thing to do is research. Make a list
of all the plants and fish that are in your posession, and determine
where they are from, and which watervalues they require. Then mark
all the ones that are suitable to place in your new biotope setup.
|Angel fish, Pterophyllum scalare
||South Amerika, Amazon river, Peru, Equador
|Congo Tetra, Phenacogrammus interruptus
|Clown Loach, Botia macracantha
||Indonesia, Sumatra and borneo
||below 5 dGH
||South Amerika, Peru
||4-18 dGH, max 10KH
|Papiliochromis ramirezi, Ram
||South Amerika, Venezuela, Colombia
|Javafern, Microsorium pteropus
||Tropical SE Asia
|Amazon Sword, Echinodorus parviflorus
||South America, Peru/Bolivia
Cosmopolitan by human spreading
If you look at the hypothetical list(The values
are the actual values) you can see that the yellow marked lines
could be used to setup your biotope tank. There may be some discussion
about the vallisneria, and if Rams belong in a Amazon biotope, and
this is something for you to decide. To shut up any criticasters,
just change the name of your biotope to South Amerika biotope. If
your most beloved fish are the Clown loaches, and you do not want
to part from them, then stop now, or create a SE Asian biotope.
Why this whole list with all those watervalues?
If you look at the temperature column now, you can see that the
fish and plant we currently selected, can only be kept together
at 24-26 degrees. If the temperature is lower, your Angelfish won't
be treated properly. Any higher than 26, and the Corydoras and the
Rams will get in trouble. The same for the pH and Hardness, take
the lowest high, and the highest low to determine which values are
possible. In this case the pH can vary between 6.5 and 7, 4-15 dGH,
and KH 5-12.
With these values the tank can
be created. Sell or give away the other fish, but leave the plants
in the tank until you have proper replacements for them. With the
above list of possible values select fish and plants from the biotope
that you would like to add to the tank from a book. Recreate your
tank setup a bit, change to peat filtration, or add KH+ untill the
watervalues are the ones you desire. Then the hardest part starts,
finding the right plants and fish, and creating a nice looking tank
with the selection you made!