Origin: Brazil, Amazonas river in the vicinity of Manaus.
Synonyms: Crenicichla dorsocellatus
First import: Unk.
Description: See picture, although it may be another species.
Care: Minimum an 80 cm tank, although a larger tank is better. Ph around neutral, not particular to water Hardness. Hardy fish, that can be kept well with other large fish, since they don't show any aggression. Some hidouts should be provided in the form of caves and groups of driftwood.
Temperature: 22-30 degrees.
Feeding: Only live food of suitable size is accepted, earthworms and fish. Can get used to meat.
Size: Up to 16 cm.
Breeding: Cavebreeder, females take the initiativ. Both parents will guard the eggs, the male guards the outer parimeter, and the female guards the cave, and cares for the eggs and fry. A large number of small eggs are produced, up to 700. Fry grow fast if fed properly.No detailed information available at this time.
Sexual dimorphism:Malles smaller and thinner, a bit more colored.
Prices: Netherlands: 10-12€
Picture references: Picture 1: G. Kuiper.
References:Baensch, H. A., Riehl, R.(1982): Aquarien Atlas I. Mergus Verlag, Melle, Germany.(click on the link to buy this book)Mayland, H. J.(1979): Cichliden van Amerika. B. V. W. J. Thieme & Cie, Zutphen, The Netherlands.Frey, H. (197?): Buntbarsche cichliden. Neuman Verlag, Leipzig, Germany.
Comment by Alex: The fish in the picture are not C. Notophthalmus, but probably juvenile C. xingu I
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