, Pellegrin, 1903
Origin: Orinico river system, South America
Etymology: altum: High
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) Order: Perciiformes Family: Cichidae , subfamily:
First European import: Germany, 1950, by Aquarium Hamburg.
Description: See picture.
Care: Difficult fish, not for beginners. Keep altums in a large tank, which should be high enough(higher than 50 cm). The fish are slightly territorial when they are willing to breed, otherwise extremely peaceful fish. Frequent small waterchanges are required, the fish are very susceptible to diseases, and should receive extreme care. They can be combined with discus fish. Higher temepratures, and soft acidic water, which should be well filtered.
Temperature: 28-30 °C
Feeding: Live, flake, and frozen food. Some plant matter occasionally.
Size: Up to 18 cm long, up to 25 cm high.
Breeding:Has not been bred in aquaria. Extremely soft and acidic water and frequent waterchanges may induce spawning.
Sexual dimorphism: None.
Prices: Between 20 and 30€
Additional: These fish should only be bought by experienced breeders.
Picture references:E. Naus
References:Baensch, H. A., Riehl, R.(1982): Aquarien Atlas I. Mergus Verlag, Melle, Germany.(click on the link to buy this book)
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