Betta tussyae, , 19
Pahang, Kuantan, Rompin.
Etymology: Named in honour of Ms Tussy
First European import: Unk
Description: Two varieties exist, a completely red variety, and a variety which generally shows two longitudinal stripes, as can be seen in the picture.
Care: Unfortunately the species is rare and scarcely available. This is a strange fact considering this tiny red betta isn't hard to keep. This Betta is on average not aggressive, and in an aquarium 60 x 30 x 30 it is possible to keep two couples.
normal biotope should be copied to provide optimum care. These fighting fish reside
in peat swamp forests, underneath trees where hardly any sunlight penetrates the
canopy. Many roots and branches with hardly any plant growth. The pH should be
low, between 4 and 5, with a hardness of gH 1 to 2. Temperatures in the lower
region, 21-24 degrees. A dark soil, some floating plants, and some leaves and
branches will create a suitable tank for Betta tussyae. In such a setup the fish
will quickly loose their shyness, and can be seen more often. Adding plants to
the tank is also beneficial, although it will be hard to find plants that will
survive these values. Javafern, Javamoss, and some Najas species can be used.
The fish can jump extremely well, and precaution should be taken! A lowered waterlevel
is beneficial for the fish, and reduces the risk of the fish jumping out of the
Temperature: 21-24 degrees.
Feeding: Live and sometimes flake food is also accepted.
Size: Up to 5.5 cm.
Breeding: Can be done in a tank as described in the care section. The male will build a bubblenest underneath a floating leave, or in a floating plastic pipe. It's best to have only a single couple in the tank for breeding, as othe fish may disturb the pair. Mating takes between 2 and 3 hours, during which time around 40 eggs are laid. The female can remain in the breeding tank, since the male will exhibit no aggression towards her at all. After 2 days the eggs will hatch, and the fry will be free swimming 3 days later. The fry grow after three monts are approximately 2 cm.
Sexual dimorphism: Males more colorfull, with elongated dorsal and anal fins.
Picture references: Picture 1 by Klaus Weissenberg. Other pictures: E. Naus
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