Origin: Occurs widely in central America.
Synonyms: Molliniesia helleri, Xiphophorus jalapae,Xiphophorus rachovii,Xiphophorus strigatus,Xiphophorus brevis,Xiphophorus helleri helleri,Xiphophorus helleri brevis,Xiphophorus helleri strigatus
First European import: Germany, 1909, by W. Schroot.
Description: See pictures.
Care: For the fish to fully develop larger tanks are required, minimum 80 cm, with planted regions on the side, and some free swimming space. Water shouldn't be too soft, nor acidic, but the fish can live in neutral water of 12 degrees dGH. Peacefull quiet fish that do well in a community tank. It's best to have more females to a male
Temperature: 18-28 degrees
Size: Females up to 12 cm, males up to 10.
Breeding: Up to 80 fry per female. Fry should be protected from the parents since they will eat their own fry as well as other tiny fish.
Sexual dimorphism: Males have a sword, besides the gonopodium. Sometimes females have male traits!
Prices: Between 1 en 3€.
Additional: Numerous breeding forms exist.
Picture references: Allpictures E. Naus.
References:Baensch, H. A., Riehl, R.(1982): Aquarien Atlas I. Mergus Verlag, Melle, Germany.
If you have any comments please mail to aquaworld
All images, information, text, and other information/items in this site © Aquaworld website as described in the Berne convention.