Dormitator maculatus , (Bloch), 1785
Origin: These fish occur from North to South America: from North Carolina to southeastern Brazil
Etymology: maculatus(L.): spotted
Synonyms: Sciaena maculata, Eleotris mugiloides, Eleotris grandisquama, Eleotris sima, Eleotris somnolentus, Eleotris omocyaneus, Eleotris gundlachi, Dormitator lineatus.
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) Order: Perciformes Family: Eleotridae
First European import: Unknown.
Description: See picture, variable species
Care: Although it can reach a considerable length, usually the fish remain smaller. Since they are quite pretty, and are easy to maintain, they are occasionally offered in aquarium stores. To keep them an 80 cm tank, with lots of driftwood and a dark soil, planted with hardy plants or plastic plants(the fish eat plants), and well filtered water are necessary. The fish occur in the wild in pure fresh water and in brackish water. Adding a bit of salt to the tank can be beneficial.
Feeding: Omnivorous, feed the fish beside a normal diet also with fruit and vegetables.
Size: Up to 70 cm
Breeding: Usually a pair will spawn after a large waterchange. The eggs are extremely small, and hatch within a day(at 27 degrees). The fry are difficult to raise!
Sexual dimorphism: The second dorsal fin is elongated in the male.
Picture references:Picture 1: E. Naus
References:Baensch, H. A., Riehl, R.(1982): Aquarien Atlas I. Mergus Verlag, Melle, Germany.(click on the link to buy this book)
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