Sorubim lima, (Bloch & Schneider, 1806)
Lima Shovel-Nosed Catfish, Striped Shovel Nose, Duckbeak Shovel Nose, Hockey Stick Catfish
Origin: Peru, Brazil, Venezuela and Paraguay, in the Amazonas river system, predominantly in the larger rivers.
Synonyms:Platystoma lima, Platystoma luceri, Silurus lima, Silurus gerupensis, Sorubim infraocularis, Sorubim luceri
Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) Order: Siluriformes Family: Pimelodidae subfamily: Pimelodinae
First European import: Germany, 1929, by the firm Scholze & Pötschke
Description: See picture.
Care: Requires larger tanks, in which it can only be kept in combination with other large fish. Weekly waterchanges and good filtration are important, the fish are sensitive to polluted water. Watervalues of minor importance, best is a neutral or slightly acidic pH, and soft water. Not too much light(some floating plants).
Temperature: 23-28 °C
Feeding: Carnivorous, in nature these fish only eat live fish, prawns and molluscs. In the aquarium the fish can be used to accept frozen foods and meat strips. Other foods that can be used besides fish, crickets, earthworms
Size: Can grow up to 60 cm or larger, but most specimens stop growing at 30 cm.
Breeding: These fish have not been bred in aquaria. In the wild the fish are seasonal spawners.
Sexual dimorphism: Unknown
Additional: Do not feed these fish with guppies! Guppies are renowned for transferring tuberculosis to predators. It's better to use Cichlid fry to feed them.
Picture references: Picture 1: E. Naus, courtesy A. Becker.
References:Baensch, H. A., Riehl, R.(1982): Aquarien Atlas I. Mergus Verlag, Melle, Germany.(click on the link to buy this book)
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